The Roman Mosaic- An expression of art and culture
To make a roman mosaic
Mosaic art is an art form that is the creation of pictures by piecing together colored glass, ceramic, stone and other materials. This technology of art dates back to the 3rd millennium BC. Most forms of mosaics use small pieces of stone, glass of different colors that are small, flat, and roughly made into square shapes for adherence purposes. These pieces are also known as tesserae. This decorative technique is also known as interior decoration. Pebble mosaic is made of small stones and is commonly called floor mosaic.
Mosaics made of different materials that were discovered at Abra, Mesopotamia in a temple building are the earliest known examples to date. These finds date back to the 3rd millennium BC. These works are made up of shells, ivory, and pieces of colored stones. While excavations at sites like Susa (an ancient city in Elamite, Parthian empires of Iran and Persian .) and Chogha Zanbil (an ancient Elamite structure Iran) revealed examples of the first glazed tiles dating to about 1500 BC. Though mosaic art has been around for millennium, putting mosaics into patterns didn’t come about until the Sassanid Empire (Neo-Persian Empire) and the Roman influence.
Greek and Roman mosaic
Pebble mosaics were discovered at Tiryns dating back to the Bronze Age, and mosaics of Aegae, a city in Macedonian were discovered in the 4th century BC.
The main techniques for mosaic design in Roman-Greco, were opus vermiculatum which used a small form of cube. Typically these cubes are about four millimeters or less, which was developed for use in the fine detail of the mosaic, which while standing back from the mosaic gave the impression that it was a painting.
Opus tessellatum is the normal technique which uses larger cubes. The native Italian style was distinctive in that sometimes it used black on a white background which proved cheaper than using full color continually.
Mosaics have been used to decorate the floors, walls and ceilings of most types of building for millenniums which continues to this day. Although it wasn’t until the Christian era that the wall mosaics figural art was introduced as a major artistic form in expression.
Today,the mosaic continues to be an expression of art. The designers of Mosaic Miro know no boundaries when it comes to creativity in shapes, sizes and colors and an array of designs in the mosaic patterns.
In summary mosaics can run in price from the moderate to the very high end depending on your taste and budget.